Relationships Education

Relationships Education/ Relationships and Life Skills

The Children and Social Work Act 2017 placed a duty on the Secretary of State for Education to make the new subjects of Relationships Education at primary and Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) at secondary mandatory. Parliament voted in support of the Government’s proposal that all primary schools would be required to teach Relationships Education.

The Government want to support all young people to stay safe and prepare for life in modern Britain by ensuring Relationships Education (Primary) is taught in all Primary Schools. This was based on the fact that children need more support whilst growing up in an increasingly complex and digital world.

Whilst the internet can be a positive influence in our lives, it does present significant challenges, particularly for young people. With the use of social media, cyber-bullying and the risk that children learn about relationships from untrustworthy sources – it was felt that young people need support to make the right decisions and keep themselves safe and happy. This evidence was supported by the many calls for compulsory SRE and/or PSHE from leading parent representative bodies, as well as leading education and safeguarding organisations, such as teaching unions and charities. These calls were supported by young people themselves.

The DfE have set out their reasons below:

“We are clear on the themes and issues schools should cover to achieve this. Relationships and RSE will be age-appropriate, build knowledge and life skills over time in a way that prepares pupils for issues they will soon face. The subjects will likely focus on:

  • different types of relationships, including friendships, family relationships, dealing with strangers and, at secondary school, intimate relationships;
  • how to recognise, understand and build healthy relationships, including self-respect and respect for others, commitment (including marriage and civil partnerships), boundaries and consent, tolerance, and how to manage conflict, and also how to recognise unhealthy relationships, including bullying, coercion and exploitation;
  • healthy relationships and safety online, including use of social media, cyberbullying, sexting;
  • how relationships may affect health and wellbeing, including the importance of good mental health and resilience”

We have use Kapow to teach children the required elements of relationship education.

Rls Areas

My Feelings
Listening and following instructions
Taking on challenges
My wellbeing
My family and friends

Year 2

Families and relationships:
● Learning that families are composed of different people who offer each other care and support.
● How other people show their feelings and how to respond.
● Looking at conventions of manners and developing an understanding of self-respect.

Safety and the changing body:
● Introduction to online safety.
● Distinguishing secrets from surprises.
● Naming body parts and looking at the concept of privacy


Year 4

Families and relationships:
● Learning that families are varied and differences must be respected.
● Understanding physical and emotional boundaries in friendships.
● The roles of bully, victim and bystander.
● How behaviour affects others.
● Appropriate manners and bereavement.

Health and wellbeing:
● Developing emotional maturity.
● Learning that we experience a range of emotions and are responsible for these.
● Appreciating the emotions of others.

Safety and the changing body:
● Building awareness of online safety and benefits and risks of sharing information online.
● Difference between private and public.
● Age restrictions.
● Physical and emotional changes in puberty.

Year 6

Families and relationships:
● To resolve conflict, through negotiation and compromise.
● Respect.
● Understanding that everyone deserves to be respected.
● Grief.

Safety and the changing body:
● The reliability of online information.
● The changes experienced during puberty.
● How a baby is conceived and develops.

Year 1

Families and relationships:
● Exploring how families can be different.
● Characteristics and impact of positive friendships.
● Learning that issues can be overcome.
● People show feelings differently.
● Issues around stereotyping

Safety and the changing body:
● Learning how to respond to adults in different situations.
● Distinguishing appropriate and inappropriate physical

Health and wellbeing:
● Exploring personal qualities.
● Strategies to manage feelings.


Year 3

Families and relationships:
● How to resolve relationship problems.
● Effective listening skills and about non-verbal communication.
● Looking at the impact of bullying and what action can be taken.
● Exploring trust and who to trust and that stereotyping can exist.

Safety and the changing body:
● Be a responsible digital citizen.
● Cyberbullying, identifying unsafe digital content.
● Influences and making independent choices.

Year 5

Families and relationships:
● Developing an understanding of families, including marriage, of what to do if someone feels unsafe in their family.
● Issues can strengthen a friendship.
● Exploring the impact of bullying and what influences a bully’s behaviour.
● Learning to appreciate our attributes.

Safety and the changing body:
● Exploring the emotional and physical changes of puberty, including menstruation.
● Learning about online safety, influence.
● Strategies to overcome potential dangers.

RSE and PSHE are designed to ensure pupils are taught the knowledge and life skills they will need to stay safe and develop healthy and supportive relationships, particularly dealing with the challenges of growing up in an online world. In primary schools, the focus is on building healthy relationships and staying safe.

The curriculum we will follow is designed to be at an age appropriate level to ensure our children have the information they need to know as they progress through school.  It will enable pupils to build on their prior learning by revisiting some themes to further develop knowledge, values and skills.  As such, some themes are repeated to enable a deeper exploration of the related issues.

We would like to take to reassure you that none of the teaching materials or strategies should shock pupils.  All lessons will be taught in a strictly non- judgemental and non- biased manner, to allow your child the opportunity to consider the information and develop their own values, attitudes and opinions about the topic.  We would encourage you to discuss your child’s relationships education with them at home.  This is an opportunity for you to share your family values in relation to the topics, building strong channels of communication about emotions, the human body and relationships with your child.  Please see the ‘Top Tips’ detailed below.

Please feel free to contact the school if you would like to discuss our programme of relationships and sex education on an individual basis.

The Government has committed to retaining a parent’s right to withdraw their child from sex education within RSE (other than sex education in the National Curriculum as part of statutory guidance – Sex and relationship education (July 2000) science), but not from relationships education at primary.

Parents wishing to withdraw their child in line with the guidance above should do the following:

  1. Ask to see a copy of the schools RSE policy and schemes of work.
  2. Ask the school for an appointment to see a member of staff concerning withdrawing their child from the specified elements of RSE.
  3. Following the meeting if they still wish to withdraw their child, they will put their request in writing stating which part of the programme they wish their child to be excluded from.

We do, however, hope all parents will see the value of this education for all of our children.

You can also see information from the DfE on their website by searching ‘sex and relationships education’.

These websites may also help you:

Top tips for talking to your child…

Talking to your child about their feelings, relationships and changing body is important. Building good channels of communication throughout childhood can help your child to communicate with you as future issues of increasing seriousness arise.

Your child needs to know that it’s OK to talk, and that you’re happy to talk. They will learn this through your body language, tone and manner when you talk so try to behave as you would in any other topic of conversation.

Below are simple strategies to make talking about feelings, relationships and the body more comfortable:

✔ Start by talking about something that you both find comfortable, such as feelings and emotions.

✔ Ask your child what they think their friends know/think about the topic, as this provides a way to talk about your child’s views indirectly.

✔ Avoid ‘The Chat’. Talk about these topics little and often over everyday events like playing, drawing, whilst driving in the car or watching TV. This can help to normalise the conversation, easing uncomfortable feelings.

✔ Reading a story book containing relevant content is a helpful way to stimulate discussion with your child.

✔ Don’t leave it too late. Start talking about relevant topics before you feel your child is approaching a level of curiosity about it, so you establish strong channels of communication in readiness.

✔ Be prepared to listen. Your child will want to have their voice heard without feeling judged. Feeling listened to will encourage your child to talk about issues in the future.

✔ If your child asks you a question you are not sure how to answer, don’t panic! Let them know that you will answer it at another time, making sure you remember to. Sometimes a simple answer can provide a sufficient response.

✔ Try to listen calmly, even if what they say surprises or concerns you. Remember that it is good that they are comfortable to discuss issues with you. They need to trust that you will not respond negatively.

Make sure your child knows they can always
talk to you anytime, about anything.